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From version < 2.1 >
edited by Ethan Wheeler
on 2017/11/11 21:43
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Summary

Details

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1 -2017-11-11 21:43:25.900
1 +2017-11-11 21:43:25.0
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1 +1AC – Militarization Policy
2 +
3 +Contention 1 - Inherency
4 +
5 +Trump is expanding the federal 1033 program; thus militarizing state and local police now
6 +Lopez 17 (German Lopez, Senior Reporter at Vox. “Trump’s plan to give police easier access to military weapons, explained” Vox news, Aug 28, 2017. https://www.vox.com/policy-and-politics/2017/8/28/16214600/trump-police-military-sessions) EJW
7 +The Trump administration is taking steps to ensure more police officers can equip themselves with
8 +AND
9 +criminologists — that very aggressive policing is necessary to stop crime in America.
10 +
11 +Plan text: The USFG will prohibit state and local police from utilizing and obtaining military-grade weapons and combat equipment. Enforcement will be established via the Departments of Justice and Defense, and funding will be provided through normal means. Aff reserves the right to clarify in CX.
12 +
13 +Contention 2 - Solvency
14 +
15 +First, prohibiting military weapons and combat equipment decreases violence by and against police, leading to overall community safety.
16 +Delehanty et al 17 (Casey Delehanty (Gardner-Webb University), Jack Mewhirter (University of Cincinnati), Ryan Welch (Stanford University), and Jason Wilks (Harvard University). “Militarization and police violence: The case of the 1033 program” Research Article. Research and Politics April-June 2017: 1–7. http://journals.sagepub.com/doi/pdf/10.1177/2053168017712885)
17 +Political scientists possess theoretical and methodological tools to weigh into today’s debates about police violence
18 +AND
19 +decentralized nature of US police institutions presents serious challenges to systematic crosssectional study.
20 +
21 +Second, the plan solves the militarization and aggressive tactics of state and local police.
22 +Dansky et al. 14 (Kara Dansky, primary author. Senior Counsel at the ACLU’s Center for Justice. Will Bunting, the ACLU’s Fiscal Policy Analyst, conducted the statistical analysis and contributed to the drafting of the report. Sarah Solon, ACLU Communications Strategist, also contributed to the drafting of the report. Others contributed. “WAR COMES HOME: The Excessive Militarization of American Policing” American Civil Liberties Union (ACLU). June 2014. https://www.aclu.org/report/war-comes-home-excessive-militarization-american-police)
23 +The militarization of policing is one example of how contemporary policing in America is failing
24 +AND
25 +of hyper-aggressive tactics and military-grade tools in local communities.
26 +
27 +Third, police procurement of military items is unnecessary, cost ineffective, and creates community distrust; exacerbating the possibility of violent police misconduct
28 +Franklin, 17 (Major Neill Franklin, Executive Director of the Law Enforcement Action Partnership and retired police major, “Retired Police Major: Police Militarization Endangers Public Safety”, September 1st, 2017, https://www.aclu.org/blog/criminal-law-reform/reforming-police-practices/retired-police-major-police-militarization) EJW
29 +This week, the Trump administration revoked President Obama’s Executive Order 13688 2,
30 +AND
31 +itself, the legitimacy of the career I loved so much becomes meaningless.
32 +
33 +Fourth, military weapons and equipment intrinsically causes the “us vs them” mindset – 4 Warrants
34 +Doherty 16 (Joseph B. Doherty, University of Southern California Gould School of Law; Staff Member, Southern California Interdisciplinary Law Journal, Volume 24, “US VS. THEM: THE MILITARIZATION OF AMERICAN LAW ENFORCEMENT AND THE PSYCHOLOGICAL EFFECT ON POLICE OFFICERS and CIVILIANS”, April 8th, 2016, http://gould.usc.edu/why/students/orgs/ilj/assets/docs/25-2-Doherty.pdf
35 +III. THE PSYCHOLOGICAL EFFECT OF MILITARIZATION It is clear that a growing “us
36 +AND
37 +to do things that they wouldn’t do if they could be identified.” 300
38 +
39 +Contention 3 – Police Brutality
40 +
41 +First, the militarization of police turns marginalized communities into threats and normalizes the violence done to them
42 +Lieblich and Shinar 17 (Eliav Lieblich, Associate professor, Faculty of Law, Tel Aviv University. Adam Shinar, Assistant professor, Radzyner Law School, Interdisciplinary Center (IDC) Herzliya. “POLICE MILITARIZATION AND THE PRESUMPTION OF THREAT” http://www.clb.ac.il/research/2017/Militarization.pdf. 11 Jan 2017)
43 +The police and the military are different. That much is common ground. Yet
44 +AND
45 +friend-enemy distinction which constitutes (and delineates) the political collective.\
46 +
47 +Second, brutality creates a culture of fear in minority communities and ensures future oppression.
48 +Homes and Smith 08 (Malcolm D. Holmes, and Brad W. Smith, PhD’s 2008, “Race and Police Brutality: Roots of an Urban Dilemma,” Page. 6)
49 +Despite its apparent effectiveness, police brutality occurs relatively rarely in modern democracies. More
50 +AND
51 +order, even though severe police brutality may rarely be brought into play.
52 +
53 +Contention 4 - Gentrification
54 +
55 +First, the us-vs-them mindset of militarized policing leads to gentrification.
56 +Trujillo 14 (Josmar Trujillo, is a writer and organizer based in New York City. He has organized around education, disaster recovery and policing. He currently organizes with the Coalition to End Broken Windows. He has written for the Village Voice, NY Daily News, Newsday, Crain's, Truth Out and SchoolBook.“Militarized Policing, Gentrifying City: Doubting NYPD Reforms” City Limits, June 3, 2014. http://citylimits.org/2014/06/03/militarized-policing-gentrifying-city-doubting-nypd-reforms/)
57 +Speaking at the gala, Bratton presented the crowd, which included notables like billionaire
58 +AND
59 +is there any realistic hope of institutionalizing community policing as an operational philosophy?”
60 +
61 +Second, any benefits of gentrification are isolated to the wealthy, while the costs are focused on the poor. This leads to massive structural violence.
62 +McArdle 15 (Megan McArdle is a Bloomberg View columnist. She wrote for the Daily Beast, Newsweek, the Atlantic and the Economist and founded the blog Asymmetrical Information. She is the author of ‘The Up Side of Down: Why Failing Well Is the Key to Success.’ “Why Gentrification Matters: So what's wrong with gentrification? And why should we care?” Bloomberg, March 30, 2015. https://www.bloomberg.com/view/articles/2015-03-30/why-gentrification-matters)
63 +That's a complicated question. From the point of view of the gentrifier, all
64 +AND
65 +without the local knowledge and relationships that enabled them to navigate poverty's difficulties.
EntryDate
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1 +2017-11-11 21:43:29.124
Judge
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1 +Mitch Combs
Opponent
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1 +Truman State MR
ParentRound
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1 +0
Round
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1 +2
Team
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1 +Nebraska-Lincoln Wheeler Aff
Title
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1 +1AC - Demilitarization - Policy Version
Tournament
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1 +ISU