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From version < 7.1 >
edited by Ethan Wheeler
on 2018/02/26 17:00
To version < 8.1 >
edited by Ethan Wheeler
on 2018/02/26 17:00
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Summary

Details

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EntryDate
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1 -2018-02-26 17:00:15.311
1 +2018-02-26 17:00:15.0
Caselist.CitesClass[1]
Cites
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1 +===Observation - the Genealogy===
2 +
3 +
4 +====The war on drugs in the 1980s was the catalyst for expanded militarization of the police force in the United States. ====
5 +**Corva, 2009** (Dominic Corva, "Biopower and the Militarization of the Police Function", ACME: An International Journal for Critical Geographies, ~~S.l.~~, v. 8, n. 2, p. 161-175, mar. 2015. ISSN 1492-9732, https://www.acme-journal.org/index.php/acme/article/view/828/685) EJW
6 +The biopoliticization of the military function happens when its transnational subjects are no longer specific
7 +AND
8 +exceptionally punitive approach to their criminal justice subjects that characterizes the penal state.
9 +
10 +
11 +====A function of biopolitical control over minority populations lead to the creation of the welfare state, normalized militarization in the police force, and is the root cause of the status quo instances of police misconduct. ====
12 +**Corva, 2009** (Dominic Corva, "Biopower and the Militarization of the Police Function", ACME: An International Journal for Critical Geographies, ~~S.l.~~, v. 8, n. 2, p. 161-175, mar. 2015. ISSN 1492-9732, https://www.acme-journal.org/index.php/acme/article/view/828/685) EJW
13 +The police/military distinction in the age of modernity relied upon and reproduced the
14 +AND
15 +2004, 37). It ends when soldiers surrender and territories are occupied.
16 +
17 +
18 +===Contention 1 is Misconduct===
19 +
20 +
21 +====This biopolitical manipulation of policing have caused societal distinctions between policing and the military to blur. Police officers now not only look like soldiers of war, they act and speak like it. ====
22 +**Kraska 2007** (Peter B. Kraska. Professor and Senior Research Fellow, College of Justice and Strategy, Eastern Kentucky University, USA. "Militarization and Policing—Its Relevance to 21st Century Police." December 13, 2007. Policing Journal (2007): pam065v1-pam065. http://policing.oxfordjournals.org/cgi/content/full/pam065v1~~#B15) EJW
23 +This work examines the blurring distinctions between the police and military institutions and between war
24 +AND
25 +'militarized' should not be viewed as an antipolice or an antimilitary pursuit.
26 +
27 +
28 +====This militarization of police turns marginalized communities into threats and normalizes the violence done to them. ====
29 +**Lieblich and Shinar 17 **(Eliav Lieblich, Associate professor, Faculty of Law, Tel Aviv University. Adam Shinar, Assistant professor, Radzyner Law School, Interdisciplinary Center (IDC) Herzliya. "POLICE MILITARIZATION AND THE PRESUMPTION OF THREAT" http://www.clb.ac.il/research/2017/Militarization.pdf. 11 Jan 2017)
30 +The police and the military are different. That much is common ground. Yet
31 +AND
32 +friend-enemy distinction which constitutes (and delineates) the political collective.\
33 +
34 +
35 +====Thus, the advocacy statement is: We should adopt a genealogy as a mode of understanding historical power relations in the militarization of state/local police. ====
36 +
37 +
38 +===Contention 2 is Solvency===
39 +
40 +
41 +====This analysis is critical to the ushering in of the urgency to act and to change how we view violent misconduct in society. ====
42 +**Owen 94** (David Owen, PhD in philosophy at Durham University, Professor of Social and Political Philosophy and Deputy Director of the Centre for Philosophy and Value @ University of Southampton, this guy knows his shit. Morality and Modernity, 1994, pp 208-210;1994) EJW
43 +The 'universal' intellectual, on Foucault's account, is that figure who maintains a
44 +AND
45 +we recognize our autonomy in the contestation of determinations of who we are.
46 +
47 +
48 +====Historically speaking, police reforms have failed to change the substantive problems present in a ever-expanding militarized police force. Only by first questioning and analyzing the realities of violent misconduct can we begin to solve. ====
49 +**Vitale 15** (Alex S. Vitale, professor of sociology at Brooklyn College and is senior adviser to the Police Reform Organizing Project, The Nation, "Obama's Police Reforms Ignore the Most Important Cause of Police Misconduct", March 6th 2015, https://www.thenation.com/article/obamas-police-reforms-ignore-most-important-cause-police-misconduct/) EJW
50 +President Obama's Task Force on 21st Century Policing has released a long list of reforms
51 +AND
52 +to manage social problems in a time of growing racial and economic inequality.
EntryDate
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1 +2018-02-26 17:00:17.18
Judge
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1 +Alex Amos
Opponent
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1 +Wiley LS
ParentRound
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1 +1
Round
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1 +1
Team
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1 +Nebraska-Lincoln Wheeler Aff
Title
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1 +1AC - Genealogy of Militarism
Tournament
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1 +WKU