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From version < 2.1 >
edited by Cody Peterson
on 2017/10/21 18:50
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Details

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1 +==Resolved: the United States federal government should substantially increase the regulation of state and/or local police misconduct in the United States.==
2 +
3 +
4 +=1AC=
5 +
6 +
7 +==Disability Aff Top==
8 +
9 +
10 +====I: The rhetoric around police misconduct is insufficiently addressing key issues of ableism and intersectional identities. Police have insufficient training, understanding, and empathy for disabled people. ====
11 +Half of People Killed by Police Have a Disability MARTI HAUSE and ARI MELBER MAR 14 2016, https://www.nbcnews.com/news/us-news/half-people-killed-police-suffer-mental-disability-report-n538371
12 +Almost half of the people who die at the hands of police have some kind of disability, according to a new report, as officers are often drawn into emergencies where urgent care may be more appropriate than lethal force. The report, published by the Ruderman Family Foundation, a disability organization, proposes that while police interactions with minorities draw increasing scrutiny, disability and health considerations are still neglected in media coverage and law enforcement policy. "Police have become the default responders to mental health calls," write the authors, historian David Perry and disability expert Lawrence Carter-Long, who analyzed incidents from 2013 to 2015. They propose that "people with psychiatric disabilities" are presumed to be "dangerous to themselves and others" in police interactions. Laquan McDonald via NBC Chicago The report wades directly into the racial debates over policing, noting that while coverage of police brutality cases has understandably "focused on race," that lens can also obscure how disability also factors into police interactions. Take one of the most discussed recent police brutality cases — the Chicago Police shooting of LaQuan McDonald, a black teenager killed while acting erratically and holding a knife. Prosecutors took the unusual step of charging an officer with first degree murder, noting McDonald did not pose a lethal threat to the officers who had surrounded him. When video of the shooting was released, it sparked the resignation of Chicago's police chief and a national debate over race and policing. "Police have become the default responders to mental health calls" There was far less focus, however, on McDonald's health. According to a later investigation by the Chicago Tribune, McDonald suffered from PTSD and "complex mental health problems."
13 +
14 +
15 +====PLAN: The USFG should regulate the mandatory inclusion of Crisis Intervention Teams (CIT) in all local police jurisdictions.====
16 +
17 +
18 +====BG. The intersections involving disability must be added to the conversation: CIT is a way to do this.====
19 +Improving Police Interactions with People with Disabilities July 22, 2016 ~| Curtis Ramsey-Lucas http://www.aapd.com/improving-police-interactions-with-people-with-disabilities/
20 +The Washington Post reported that a police union representative indicated "the officer was aiming
21 +AND
22 +psychiatric disabilities improves interactions between police and individuals with disabilities in crisis situations.
23 +
24 +
25 +====S. CIT already shown to be a "Best Practice" model for protection of disabled individuals in police encounters.====
26 +The Crisis Intervention Team Model of Police Response to Mental Health Crises: A Primer for Mental Health Practitioners. Amy C. Watson, PhD and Anjali J. Fulambarker, MSW. Best Pract Ment Health. 2012 Dec; 8(2): 71. https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3769782/
27 +The body of research on CIT is limited, but overall it is promising.
28 +AND
29 +"Best Practice" in law enforcement (Thompson and Borum, 2006).
30 +
31 +
32 +==Advantage 1: Ableism==
33 +
34 +
35 +====U. Disability is used as an excuse to dehumanize and otherize living people as threats to police and others.====
36 + Case 1:
37 +Improving Police Interactions with People with Disabilities July 22, 2016 ~| Curtis Ramsey-Lucas http://www.aapd.com/improving-police-interactions-with-people-with-disabilities/
38 +On July 18, the White House convened a forum on disability and criminal justice
39 +AND
40 +people to touch him or be in his personal space, she said.
41 +
42 +
43 +====L. Regulating policies are made to save lives; the links crossapply.====
44 +Proof that regulations save lives February 5, 2016 Gary A. Michel,
45 +https://www.washingtonpost.com/opinions/proof-that-regulations-save-lives/2016/02/05/af504306-cb72-11e5-b9ab-26591104bb19_story.html?utm_term=.82b754a81ff6
46 +The Feb. 4 news article "Hole in jet may be result of bomb
47 +AND
48 +area is helpful in understanding the balance between social policy and medical regulation.
49 +
50 +
51 +====!. Disablism in culture and discourse leads to ontological violence and otherization====
52 +Goodley, D., and Runswick-Cole, K. (2011). The violence of disablism. Sociology of Health and Illness, 33(4), 602–617. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1467-9566.2010.01302.x
53 +In the formalised routine of professional assessment this mother is incited to articulate an abnormal
54 +AND
55 +of violence. We move our analysis up a notch to systemic violence.
56 +
57 +
58 +====!. Autistic people and others who have intellectual disabilities face systematic dehumanization====
59 +Julia Bascom. (2012, September 18). Respecting Autism. Retrieved October 7, 2017, from http://www.psychologytoday.com/blog/the-love-wisdom/201209/respecting-autism
60 +Julia Bascom is an autistic writer and an advocate for autism rights
61 +I think
62 +AND
63 +of our humanity is the absence of any visibly or uniquely autistic traits.
64 +
65 +
66 +==Advantage 2: Police-Community Relations==
67 +
68 +
69 +====U. Police-Community relations have never been worse.====
70 +Mayor Ginther: Police, community relations have never been more complicated By Colleen Marshall and Rachel Gribble Published: September 24, 2017, 12:08 pm Updated: September 24, 2017, 12:32 pm http://nbc4i.com/2017/09/24/mayor-ginther-police-community-relations-have-never-been-more-complicated/
71 + A number of high-profile incidents involving the Columbus Division of Police and
72 +AND
73 +sure our officers have personal relationships with those in the neighborhoods they serve."
74 +
75 +
76 +====L. Calls for de-escalation techniques are met by the inclusion of CIT.====
77 +Initiative seeks de-escalation training for police. Lori Matsukawa, KING 9:25 PM. PDT July 06, 2017. http://www.king5.com/news/local/initiative-seeks-de-escalation-training-for-police/454844600
78 +A coalition of groups affected by police shootings is pushing a statewide initiative to require
79 +AND
80 +so they can keep themselves safe while protecting the public," he said.
81 +
82 +
83 +====IL. Positive relations lead to safer policing for all parties.====
84 +Importance of Police-Community Relationships and Resources for Further Reading. US DoJ. https://www.justice.gov/crs/file/836486/download
85 +Strong relationships of mutual trust between police agencies and the communities they serve are critical
86 +AND
87 +actions reflect community values and incorporate the principles of procedural justice and legitimacy.
88 +
89 +
90 +====!. Safer policing means less crime, less pipeline to prison systems, and saving lives.====
91 +Racial reconciliation, truth telling, and police legitimacy. Zoe Mentel. 2012. https://ric-zai-inc.com/Publications/cops-p241-pub.pdf
92 +To further complicate matters, a traditional and narrow understanding of what the police do
93 +AND
94 +That realization is a doorway … for people who are solution-oriented."
EntryDate
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1 +2017-10-21 18:50:56.880
Judge
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1 +Obama
Opponent
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1 +Ashtar
ParentRound
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1 +0
Round
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1 +Finals
Team
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1 +San Jose State Yamaguchi Aff
Title
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1 +Disabalism
Tournament
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1 +UNR